In 2012, I enrolled in DYNM 692, Dr. Freeman’s “Innovation” courses. One of the highlights was a 3 day trip to Boston centered on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). We learned about the annual hi-tech pranks (http://www.boston.com/yourtown/cambridge/2012/09/17/hackers-delight-history-mit-pranks/RTncCPQ02YSNy7YLHCY7UJ/pictures.html) and how many “ Smoots “ the bridge across the Charles River measures (students measured the bridge by using one of their fellows, named Smoot).
What we also learned about was some incredible cutting-edge research that MIT’s “Media Lab” was doing. MIT Media Lab: http://www.media.mit.edu/about
Members of Dr. Alex “Sandy” Pentland’s Human Dynamics research team explained some of the projects they were working on using smart phones. (http://www.media.mit.edu/about)
Your cell phone has as many as 14 different sensors built into it. (http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/sensors/sensors_overview.html) for example, GPS locator, an accelerometer, a barometer, and various types of gravity sensors. The MIT projects (and others) are broadly similar, in that they treat the mobile phone itself as a sensor. Put hundreds of millions of sensors out there and you start collecting a lot of data. Collect a lot of data and you can learn some interesting things.
One of the applications they showed us was FUNF (http://www.funf.org/).
The Funf Open Sensing Framework is an extensible sensing and data processing framework for mobile devices, supported and maintained by Behavio. The core concept is to provide an open source, reusable set of functionalities, enabling the collection, uploading, and configuration of a wide range of data signals accessible via mobile phones.
Basically speaking, FUNF allows you to access the data that is constantly generated by those 14 or more sensors in your smart phone.
FUNF was the winner of 2012 SXSW “Accelerator” award http://bostinno.streetwise.co/2012/03/14/ginger-io-funf-represent-boston-as-sxsw-accelerator-winners/
The FUNF application records a number of “Probes” that you establish when you set up the program.
Probes are the basic data collection objects used by the Funf framework. Each probe is a contained unit responsible for collecting a specific type of information. These include data collected by on-phone sensors, like accelerometer or GPS location scans, but also many other types of data that can be collected through the phone – from information on the media files stored on the device to call-logs, application usage, or browsing history. Each probe can be remotely configured to be enabled/disabled, what scan intervals or triggers should be used, as well as other parameters.”
So, what can this do for YOU and what is this good for ?…Experimentation mostly, and collecting data about yourself . The data becomes more revealing and useful when it is collected for a group. The MIT Human Dynamics team measured “proximity” in a group of bank employees: how frequently device-equipped people met with other device-equipped people. They found that high performing departments had many interactions and low performing departments few. Once they had visualized the data, they also found the reason, these low-interaction departments were located on other floors or wings from the main group.
Get the code: https://code.google.com/p/funf-open-sensing-framework/
Mobile and Sensors
In addition to sensors embedded in the hardware (or software) of your phone, there is an explosively growing list of accessories, add-ons and peripherals that are designed to collect various data and send it to your smart phone for processing and display. These add-ons and peripherals start to show the range of promise available.
A list of some cool smart phone accessories with sensors: (http://www.christiandelrosso.org/blog/mobile-and-sensors/)
- Portable Smartphone Fishfinding Sonar, FishHunter
- ProScope Micro Mobile microscope for iOS devices
- eMotion ECG, an Android-based continuous ECG monitor
- Samsung GamePad, making the smartphone a gaming console
- SmartCard, a smartphone accessory for testing cholesterol from Cornell University
- Snooperscope, a smartphone camera accessory for night vision
- Zepp sensors to improve your tennis, baseball, golf swings
- Occipital 3D Sensor The Structure Sensor gives mobile devices the ability to capture and understand the world in three dimensions.
- Peek Vision a smart-phone based system for comprehensive eye examinations
- Beddit automatically tracks your sleeping patterns, heart rate, breathing, snoring, movements and environment
- Illumoscope an iphone case with built in macrophotography optics
- Controlling UAV drones with an Android application and an external radio accessory
- Salt meter from Thanko
- SuperMechanical has created Range, and iGrill Inc is another smart thermometer for cooking but with Bluetooth
- Tile, Stick-n-Find, Wallet Tracker, Location tracking of objects with Bluetooth Low Energy
- Rijuven CardioSleeve smartphone enabled stethoscope
- Pixie Scientific, smart diapers
- Lumu Labs created a light meter for iPhone
- Galvanic created PIP Is A Bluetooth Biosensor That Aims To Use Your Phone To Gamify Beating Stress
- Motes from Wimoto, tiny, rugged, wireless sensors. They talk directly to your Bluetooth SMART enabled devices.
- Thalmic Labs Myo, UI innovations
- Tagg the pet tracker; Whistle and Fitbark a fitbit for your dog
- Kwikset kevo, Goji, Lockitron, lockers controlled with a smartphone using Bluetooth LE
- Safecast and bGeigie Nano Kit, Do-Ra , Lapka to detect radiation
- Ginger.io a platform to collect and analyze sensor data
- SkinVision, a smartphone app that detects changes in your skin’s health
- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers have developed a smartphone cradle that has optical components – lenses and filters – to detect toxins, proteins, bacteria, viruses and other molecules.
- Scanadu Scout, the first Medical Tricorder A scanner packed with sensors designed to read your vital signs and send them wirelessly to your smartphone in a few seconds
- Handyscope, a mobile connected dermatoscope
- BodyGuardian Remote Monitoring System, by Preventice, is a wearable body sensor that tracks ECG,Heart rate Respiration rate, Activity
- ChatPerf, a Japanese company, has created an accessory for iOS devices that puffs out a scent
- MC10 wearable sensors that communicates with smartphones
- Zen Sensor from Zinc Software, which clips to a user’s ear lobe to collect heart rate data. The Zen connects to an iPhone or iPad app to provide heart rate variability biofeedback. Similar to Inner Balance sensor from HeartMath.
- AOptix StratusTM a solution for iPhone, that delivers fully integrated iris, face, fingerprint and voice biometric capabilities.
- ThermoDock, GlucoDock and more by Medisana
- MobiUS™ SP1 ultrasound system from Mobisante
- The ds32a+ a digital Stethoscopes from Thinklabs
- SpiroSmart is a mobile phone based platform that allows for the analysis of common lung function measures
- The Welch Allyn iExaminer allows you to capture pictures of the optic fundus and retinal nerve using your iPhone 4.
- The NETRA-G, developed by Eyenetra
- Asthmapolis, a sensors that wirelessly syncs with your smart phone using the phone’s built in Bluetooth technology.
- Dash a Bluetooth LE dongle that connects to a car on On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) and transmits the data to a smartphone (also in this space Carvoyant, Automatic, Delphi)
- a Bluetooth Golf swing analyzer, 3BaysGSA Pro
- a minuscule device implanted just under the skin provides an immediate analysis of substances in the body, and a radio module transmits the results to a doctor over the cellular phone network. At EPFL.
- Lomography Smartphone Film Scanner
- breathalyzers: breathometer, alcohoot, BACtrack, iBreath, Floome
- Thermodo, a temperature sensor for mobile devices, attaches to the audio jack
- Smart Bluetooth 4.0 accessories from the Italian company +Plugg
- CubeSensors, cubes that sense your indoor environment
- iExaminer iPhone Adapter for Welch Allyn’s PanOptic Ophthalmoscope Cleared in U.S.
- Tinkė an iPhone accessory that measures heart rate, blood oxygen level, respiratory rate, heart rate variability
- CitySense, a smartphone accessory to monitor pollution
- smARtPULSE is a hackable Bluetooth LE oximeter, iSpO2 Pulse Oximeter, an iPhone, accessory to measure blood oxygen and pulse rate, Nonin launches a Bluetooth LE oximeter the Nonin 3230.
- Withings Activity Tracker to monitor steps, heart rate, sleep
- Withings Blood pressure monitor for iPhone
- Your Android Phone Could Help Scientists Predict Your Weather, smartphones and barometric pressure sensors
- Prexiso AG iC4, and Spike smartphone accessories with a laser to measure distance
- Shaka, and Vaavud wind meters for iPhone and Android
- Cellscope an accessory for mobile disease diagnosis, at the moment ear infections, iPhone
- Nest, the thermostat
- Square, SumUp, iZettle, Payleven, Jusp to accept credit cards
- Zeo, the sleep monitor
- AliveCor ECG
- AgaMatrix glucose meter, Glooko glucose monitor
- iHealth which is a subsidiary of China-based medical device company Andon Health, several devices, Glucose monitor, oximeter, blood pressure monitors
- Athena GTX Wireless vital signs monitor, a single or multi-parameter vital signs monitor for EGG, noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) and SpO2
- OlloClip, Photojojo and Sony Cyber-shot QX10 camera lens